Miniature / Micro Pigs

Miniature mirco pigs

Breeding Aims

Breeding micro pigs since 2001.  We immediately fell in love with these little dwarf pigs, They are quieter, friendlier and more gentle than the large breed pigs. Now, we are devoted to raising these wonderful miniature pigs. Our first dwarf pigs were the typical Vietnamese potbellie style, pure black and  weigh around 65-90kg. Over the years we have bred and selected boars that are as small and robust as we could find. We select small animals with good conformation, that are prolific and have strong mothering abilities . We also like those with  straight backs and a long straight nose. We don't breed with runts and avoid interbreeding. It is a long process as is the development of all breeds. Since 2008 we have been using other miniature breeds like the Gottingen,
 Minnesota mini pig and swiss mini pig all of which are not potbelly type. Other countries in Europe have also begun to cross different  miniature breeds choosing names like micro pigs ( little pig farm), mini,  thimble and teacup pigs, in the hope of separating their small pigs from the larger standard potbellies. Our miniature pigs now adult out at around 30-40kg and 35-49cm ( 13''-19'' ). We have white & gray, silver, black, pied, brown, spotty. We hope to add ginger, ginger with black spots and white with black spots to our farm in the near future.

These miniatures are increasingly popular with truffle hunters, being small they are easier to transport and quicker to learn and accept a harness while they are young. Their truffle skills can be used throughout their long life of 8-15 years, unlike trained large breeds of pigs which can only be used while they are still young and small as they arrived quickly too large to be manipulated. Our special selection for long nose makes the uprooting of truffle easy. The miniature pigs also greatly appreciated the walk in the woods!

 

Description and Character
They have small  pointy ears: straight tail: Adults reach a height of about 35-49cm and weighs 30-40 kilograms. Life expectancy is 8-15 years but they can live to 25 years! If they are not too fat. They are very hardy and prolific. They are a docile breed of pig unlike commercial swines they are not pushy, aggressive and do not squeal at feed time. These mini pigs  are very affectionate once tamed. They are fascinating to watch and love human companionship. They are good with other animals and children. It is advisable to integrate a piglet at the age of 7-10 weeks in your family. If possible when you have a few days off so you could take care of him for the education of cleanliness. You'll notice that your new companion is very intelligent and learns as fast as a dog.

Colours;
 
They are often black but sometimes Pure white / black & white / tan / white & fawn / gray / gray and white.

Sex selection? / 1 or 2 pigs?

Males and females will make a good pet. But a neutered male has the most stable and docile character.

An intact male as most animals (stallion, ram) can sometimes be aggressive or authoritarian if he is not educated firmly but gently when he is young (they also have a strong smell).

Females are sometimes prone to grumpy mood swings when she is on heat. Precautions must be taken to ensure that she does not escape and get mated by a wild boar. The female when in heat does not bleed.

Miniature Pigs like all animals are best kept in pairs. Ideally the same sex or neutered male with a female. When they are raised together, they are best friends, they play together and keep each other warm in winter. A pig can live alone, and he will not  call out for a companion as a sheep or a goat will.  Great care must be taken when placing two adults together. Especially if they have lived alone for a long time, because they may become anti-social and probably jealous. They tend to fight, if they have space the submissive one  will keep out the dominate pigs way but as with dogs if they are both dominated they could seriously injure each other.

 

Reproduction
Females must be at least 1 year before being covered for the first time, she will come into heat every 25 days for 2/3days.  They carry for 3 months, 3 weeks and 3 days giving birth to  5 to 12 piglets, who will follow their mother after the 2nd day. The piglets will spend most of there time in the straw nest that the mother has made (like a rabbit). They can be wean on the 6th week.
Serious thought should be taken before breeding your miniature pigs. They can easily have 10 piglets per litter and two litters per year. Then consider that they can start reproducing at the age of 3 months if both sexes are not separated. It does not take long before you are over run with pigs!!! Therefore you must take care that you can find homes for the piglets before starting to breed.

 

Food
All kitchen waste like vegetable peelings and fruit, bread and leftovers from your dinner. also corn such as wheat and barley. Nuts like acorns and chestnuts are appreciated. Growing piglets and sows in productivity, need protein-rich foods to keep them in good shape. A mixture of grains for horses is suitable.
The digestive system of pigs is very similar to humans (omnivores) so they need a great diversification. Fresh water must be available at all times. AVOID ALL products that are salty and sugary (chocolate) Do not offer food for dogs or cats to the pig, also beware of pig pellets for fattening meat pigs because they are high in carbs / calories that will make your mini pig too fat.

 

 

weight
Unlike other livestock pigs will not regulate their food, they will  constantly eat. In the wild pigs would have to walk long distances to find food, like a worm or some berries. Put a pig in a pen with limited exercise and bowls full of fatty foods will lead to a very fat unhappy pig.


Signs of normal weight
 

You easily see the eyes of your pig. There will be very little fat under the throat. Their bellies should be well clear of the ground.
They must be active,  running around- pushing things with their nose. Always be quick to get up to check out  new sounds or an object.

  

 

Signs of a fat pig
Can not see the eyes of the pig because the eyelids are so fat  Belly almost touches the ground. A roll of fat present under the throat. The pig will probably spend most of his time laid in bed or in the shade, because the extra weight of fat puts great strain on the structural skeleton of the pig, making it a great effort to move. They suffer more from heat than pigs with a normal weight, in most cases, they die young of heart failure.

 

A skinny pig
The pig is very narrow and you will probably see his ribs and spine , showing under the skin.
A sow with piglets will lose weight quickly because of the high demand of milk from the piglets. A  sick pig will also lose weight, as will a pig that has malnutrition. In any case, the pig will need a balanced diet, rich in protein and a gradual increase in feed to meet their bodies needs. If you give a lot of food but your pig is still thin he probably has worms. Even if the animal has been dewormed recently, the product may not have killed the type of worms your pig has got. 
  

My pig is not eating
When a pig is under stress, by moving to a new place  or strange new pigs are put together, sometimes the pig will  not eat. In this case, put the pig in a small enclosure on its own with a little food and water, avoid disturbing him.  If  you have just recently purchased a piglet, which was accustomed to being with his litter comrades, where he felt safe and confidant,  finds himself suddenly alone, he just wants to hide and does not want to eat . Put the piglet in a small cage or box with solid sides in a way so that light can still enter through the top. Then put some food on a small plate in the middle of the cage / box with a mixture of beaten eggs and milk (scramble eggs) cooked in a microwave, this will usually make him start eating food again. Try to touch the pig as little as possible because you will only stress him even more.

 

 
Shelter and Park 
Pigs don't sweat like other animals or humans. Everyone knows that pigs wallow in the mud, they do this to keep cool, it also helps maintain healthy skin and prevents dry cracked skin. Instead of mud your pig will enjoy a child's paddling pool full of water, to cool himself down in hot weather and protect himself against skin parasites.
If you get a piglet, it is better to keep him in a large cage in the house during the first few weeks. He can be allowed to walk around the house once you can touch him easily.  We do not recommend keeping miniature pigs in apartments, because he should have free access to a garden to walk and  exercise. An outside pig pen must be at least 5x5m to allow space for the exercise. A dry draft free shelter will need to be at his disposal,  a large dog kennel works well. A concrete or stone bowl of  water  must be provided, it must be heavy enough to stop him pushing it over with his nose. In the winter pigs are best kept in a indoor sty with lots of straw, 2mx2m is fine for one pig. The fence must be a fine mesh with the bottom concrete or dug into the ground to stop the pig pushing under the fence, a strand of electric fence can be placed inside the fence at nose height.

The pigs naturally dig with their nose. Turning the lawn into a bad state, which resembles a plowed field when finished.This can be used to your advantage by putting your pig in the vegetable garden as they do a wonderful job of turning the soil over for your next vegetable seed (and does not use diesel in the process!) they are also good at cleaning the undergrowth in the forests (brambles). If you do not have a wood or garden, then you can ask your vet to put a small ring in his nose. It looks like an earring, it does not hurt once done, but makes the pig uncomfortable
  while trying to dig with his nose, which normally completely stops him from doing it,  leaving your lawn intact.

 

Diseases / Vaccines
The miniature pig is a very hardy animal, because it has its origins. As pets, there will be more or less safe from infections and diseases specific to large swine. It is not necessary to vaccinate. Through it is necessary to give him  shade when it's hot. He will need de-worming about 2 times a year with a product like Fenbendazole, Panacur and IVOMEC. If your companion started scratching profusely, it is possible he has a parasite, ''mange" it is not visible to the naked eye. Your veterinarian can help with a injection (eg Ivomec) or you can spray him with Acadrex 60.

Education / Cleanness
The pig is naturally a very clean animal. From birth, he uses the "toilet" of his mother. Once home, show him the place where you want  him to do he's needs by depositing one of his droppings in a corner of the garden or in a cat litter. Educate the same way as a dog. Reward him if he was right, scolded him if he has not done well. Never hit/smack your pig. His confidence in you will turn to suspicion. If he is accustomed young, he can be trained to wear a harness when you walk and travel.

 

The handling of piglets
Note: It is normal for a pig / piglet to squeal when you pick him up, through fear. It is very important not to manipulate your piglets to much in the first week, as it will already be stressed from moving to a strange place , excessive handling will only make him more stressed. children (and dogs) running after him/with him- will make him stress, to much stress can be fatal and lead to heart attack & sudden death in piglets. The  handling / training sessions are the best at 10-15 minutes per session, use the time to sit and stroke him gently, holding him like a baby, but with legs towards the ground. When you give him food take this opportunity to stroke all over while he eats. It will take some time but he will soon allow you to touch him all over without bolting. Come when you call him(make sure you reward him)  and lay on his side to have his belly rubbed.

 

For those who want to know

The meat of the miniature pig has a much better flavour that normal pork, it is very similar to wild boar. They are best culled at 6-12months while the meat is lean and of a succulent flavour (the fat is also tasty). Though boar or sow meat is nice. They should be culled lean and not fattened.

 

 

 Our Micro pigs

 

 

 Little Miss Piggy (female)

Mother: Miss pig / Father: mr piggy 

born the 12.11.04

43cm high / 38kg (at 5years)

 

Bella (female) 

Mother: Dixie / Father: jack SPW

born the: 25.07.07

 38cm high / 26kg ( at 2years)

Pouic (male) 

Mother: Victory / Father: Picatchou

born the: 19.10.04

 49 cm high / 33kg (at 5 years)

 

Ace of spades  Male

 

Born: 12.11.09

Mother: / Father: ?

9.8kg at 10 months

 

Mouse (female) 

 Mother: Dixie / Father: jack SPW

Born the: 25.07.07

 35cm high / 22kg (at 2years)

Cookie (female)

 

Mother: Pixiy / Father jack SPW

born 23.07.07

 38cm high / 28kg (at 2year

 

Mini (female)

Mother: Rabbit / Father: mr tusty

born the 13.08.07 

 33cm high / 19kg (at 2years)

 Dora female

Mother: Dixie / Father: Godfrey , born 21.08.09

Daffodil female

Mother: Dixie / Father: Godfrey , born 21.08.09 

 

 

 

 

 

 Meet our New silver boar called Pouic who is extra small at only 33kg at 5years old! he looks very much like a mini wild boar, he is shorter in the back and less dense than the normal mini pig type, he is also very gentle.